An Unpleasant Emotional Experience Of Anxiety, Fear, And Dread

1701 Words Nov 30th, 2016 7 Pages
Burger (2015) defines anxiety as “an unpleasant emotional experience where you have feelings of worry, panic, fear, and dread”. Burger (2015) proposes Sigmund Freud’s three categories of anxiety. The first he proposes is reality anxiety, or objective anxiety, which is usually experienced when someone feels threatened in the real world (Burger, 2015). The next anxiety he suggests is neurotic anxiety. Neurotic anxiety is experienced when unwanted id impluses are extremely close to breaking into consciousness (Burger, 2o15). Neurotic anxiety is the type of anxiety that leads to defense mechanisms. The last type of anxiety discussed is moral anxiety. Moral anxiety is brought about from the superego in reply to id impluses that disrupt the superego’s moral conduct (Burger, 2015). Moral anxiety is often experienced as guilt.
People often handle anxiety differently. Defense mechanisms are the unconscious processes that are used when handling anxiety. Coping strategies are conscious efforts of handling anxiety. There are endless amount of coping strategies. For example, if you had a bad day at work you may indulge in some of your favorite candy to help you cope. Burger (2015) suggests three different types of coping strategies: problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance strategies. Problem-focused strategies are considered to take care of the problem therefore eliminating the anxiety. Emotion-focused strategies are intended to diminish the emotional distress that escorts the…
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