Anabolic Steroids: and the High School Athlete

1528 Words Oct 24th, 1999 7 Pages
Anabolic Steroids: And the High School Athlete

Anabolic steroid abuse has become a national concern among high school athletes. There has been a dramatic increase in the number of athletes using these performance enhancing drugs in high school almost double the number using since the 1980's. These athletes feel that steroids gives them the competitive edge that they think they need to boost themselves past the competition.

Steroids have been used in bodybuilding and other sports since the 1950's. Nowadays, athletes from all walks of life use them. It's not uncommon for athletes such as bodybuilders, football players, boxers, sprinters, and especially powerlifters to use them on a year round basis. Some professional bodybuilders admit
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In a recent study by the University of Georgia provided that men ages 17-18 taking steroids for 1 year lost 15% of there body fat and gained 30 pounds in muscle weight, that fact alone is enough convincing that most under-achieving high school athletes need to get on these drugs (Gallaway pg 78). These sound like a wonder drug, but there are many more and far worse negative effects.

The negative effects of these drugs range far and many. For men the effects are much worse. For instance there is increased irritability and aggressiveness also called "roid rages". Then comes the Acne, due to the stimulation of the oil glands in the skin. You can also start developing premature hair loss and a bloated appearance from excess salt and water being retained by the body. The last effect is due to the effect of steroids on the testicles. The brain monitors the amount of testosterone in the body, if it detects a large amount (due to steroids) it will stop the testicles producing more and so less sperm is produced and impotence may occur, which also may result in a decreased sex drive. Apart from the hair loss, the above effects are generally reversible upon stopping steroid use. Adolescent steroid use may lead to a premature fusion of the epiphyses (the end of growing bones) which can lead to stunted growth.(Paterson pg 102)

Long term heavy steroid use may cause damage to the heart, liver and kidneys. Heart problems are due to
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