Anaerobic And Anaerobic Energy Systems

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Introduction The human body relies on two systems for energy, which include aerobic and anaerobic energy systems. While aerobic energy system involves the use of oxygen, the anaerobic energy system functions without its use. Anaerobic power is the measure of the rate of energy exerted by the ATP phosphocreatine and anaerobic glycolytic pathways usually in 30 second intervals. In relation, anaerobic capacity is the total amount of energy that can be generated from ATP-CR and glycolytic pathway during a short-term high intensity exercise.(3) Together, anaerobic power is that rate energy is being produced while anaerobic capacity is a measure of the total amount of energy created from the bout of exercise. Thus if one variable was to have increased, such as the anaerobic power of a subject, the anaerobic capacity would also grow. One of the most popular anaerobic tests is the Wingate Anaerobic Test is a 30 second all-out intensity cycle ergometer test in which the subject pedals against a certain percentage of the subject’s weight. (5) Another common test is the Vertical Jump Test and the use of the Vertec to determine the subject’s vertical jump and determine anaerobic power. The Step Test also determines anaerobic power and capacity through counting the repeated stepping on the box in a one minute working interval. Maximal anaerobic running tests or MART which involves 40m to 10-5-10 sprints can also be valid test to determine anaerobic power although speed and agility are
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