Analysing Problems with the Implementation of Inclusive Education Policies in India Using Multiple Governance Framework

8714 Words Jan 24th, 2011 35 Pages
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Analysing problems with the implementation of inclusive education policies in India using Multiple Governance Framework
DRAFT
Monika Nangia
EGPA Conference, 7-10 September, 2010, Toulouse
France
EGPA Permanent Study group XIII on Public Policy
Analyzing implementation in the age of governance
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Analysing problems with the implementation of inclusive education policies in India using Multiple Governance Framework
Monika Nangia
Abstract
Reflecting its deep commitment to universalizing access to and completion of elementary education of satisfactory quality by 2010, the Government of India (GOI) launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), the National Program for Universal Elementary Education (UEE) The program provided a comprehensive policy
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Using the MGF to analyse the inclusive education policies, this paper identifies that the actors involved in designing those policies at various levels are situated not just hierarchically but also laterally, in distinct organisational settings. A traditional ‘stages’ analysis is likely to entail assumptions that the policies to be identified are in the least clear, credible and
2 Hill, M. and Hupe, P. (2006) ‘Analysing policy process as multiple governance: accountability in social policy’ in Policy and Politics, vol. 34, no. 3, pp 557-73.
3 Ostrom, E. (2007) ‘Institutional rational choice: an assessment of the institutional analysis and development framework’ in Sabatier (ed.) Theories of Policy Process. Boulder CO: Westview Press. pp.3-17.
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consistent with strong political leadership and clear lines of accountability.4 It will assume that there exist governance mechanisms facilitating the decentralisation processes and adequate legal and financial support to the proposed policy reforms. The MGF approach alternatively raises empirical questions about the extent to which these exist and the forms they take. For instance, it allows us to explore the level of engagement between the political-administrative institutions responsible for establishing the institutional framework and the contextual relations determining the
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