Analysing Two Humanistic Theories: Person Centered and Self Actualisation

958 Words4 Pages
1.1) INTRODUCTION Humanistic theories emerged in 1950s. We have two types of humanistic theories, the first one is Person-centred theory by Carl Rogers which is based on how people see them-selves in relation to their personal experience and the second theory is Self-actualisation by Abraham Maslow which is based on the needs that motivate people. In this paper both theories will be described in detail and also they will be evaluated. 1.2) DISSCUSSION 1.2.1) ROGERS’ PERSON-CENTRED THEORY Self-concept it is the collection of experiences and beliefs about one self, and how these experiences, beliefs interact to form a picture according to individual’s perspective what kind of a person an individual is. This includes physical and mental…show more content…
Parents make their love conditional or unconditional. Unconditional affection, children do not necessarily need to change unworthy experiences because they know they are worthy of love or affection. For example children with high confidence, brave children who would present their speech in front of millions of people. Conditional affection promote congruence, children do not distort their experience to feel worthy because they believe that they are worthy. Conditional affection, children mostly change unworthy experiences because they might be not accepted because they believe love is conditional from others. They will twist their experience to feel worthy of acceptance. Conditional affection promotes incongruence, for example children who lacks confidence and who wait to be told what to do. 1.2.3) Anxiety and Defence People whose self-concept high incongruence makes their experience contradict with their self-perception. Relatively incongruent self-concept leads to recurrent anxiety. There for from this anxiety they display defensive behaviour in order to relate their experience with their self-concept so that it will seem quite accurate, i.e. they protect their self-concept by displaying defensive behaviour of ignoring, denying and twisting reality (Wieten, 2014). This means they fear to face reality, which according to them depress them i.e. they make their own self-concept. They do not accept them-selves the

More about Analysing Two Humanistic Theories: Person Centered and Self Actualisation

Get Access