Assess the potential environmental impact of a proposed construction project on the local natural environment.
Environmental Impact Assessment is very advanced process of forecasting influence on environment of planned operation, in this case- High Speed 2. It is crucial to do EIA before any construction works commence, it will allow designers to change or improve the project in order to minimise negative consequences of it.
Environmental issues have been a part of living on earth since the beginning of time. The only issue with this however, is that resolutions have only just recently been put in place. Environmental concerns have only been discussed since the last half of the twentieth century. While some small steps were taken here and there, The European Union was the first to deliberate environmental policy in an attentive and compulsory nature. The European Union has some of the highest environmental standards to date. These standards have been evolving since the Paris Summit meeting of the European Community that took place in October 1972. The Paris Summit of 1972 was the first to introduce environmental policy on such a vast scale. One outcome of the summit was a declaration on environmental and consumer policy which gave the Environmental Commission the authority to establish the First Environmental Action Programme (EAP) to implement environmental policy. An EAP is essentially a strategic policy document which reflects the fundamental elements of contemporary environmental thinking and problem perceptions, as well as strategic policy orientation. (http://wwweeborg/publication/chapter-3pdf) It is based on a proposal from the Commission, but is now subject to a full legislative procedure leading to agreement between
Environmental impact assessment (EIA) play an essential role for sustainability establishing. As Anzecc (1991) mentioned that EIA producers would take a responsibility for issues like improving the efficiency of the contribution made by making sustainability and environmentally decision, which means the government responsible for EIA process which have the power to recommend environmental conditions.
The Ontario EIA was first passed by the Ontario government in 1975, and has been constantly updated throughout those years with its latest update dated on October 25, 2010. The Ontario EIA is process for reviewing the environmental impacts of various proposed projects that may or may not need government funding. To achieve government funding, the EIA needs to be approved by the Ontario government before all process can move forward. The Ontario EIA is required only for public projects however, if a special regulation is passed it can also be applied to private projects or private firms may voluntarily go through the EIA process. Public projects proposed by the provincial ministry and agencies, municipalities such as towns, cities and counties,
As discussed earlier, scientific literature advocates the importance of public participation and consultation as a central part of the assessment procedure of the EIA decision-making process (Glucker, Driessen, Kolhoff, Runhaar, 2013, p. 104). The EPA under the Environmental Protection Act 1986 is responsible for governing and managing the EIA process in Western Australia and, therefore, determining the extent of public participation for each project. While the WA’s EIA process continues to change with the latest administrative procedures updated in 2012, there continue to be many challenges and implications from the practice of public participation and consultation. Some of the key implications and challenges for WA that this essay has explored
The Council considered the Part 3A as a policy tool which will help to speed up and improve the efficiency of the development assessment process which is vital for the development of the State or the region (DIPNR, 2005; Lyster et al, 2007). This feature of the Bill gained support from all quarters like developers, council boards and government. But the council members felt that the Bill and Part 3A of the EP&A Act lacked autonomy, appeal privileges, minimal space for community participation and less emphasis for environmental issues (Ratcliff et al., 2007). Council Board and members criticized the Part 3A that it was more of technical specification regarding approval process and it had more features to allow political contribution and intervention
An extensive research was done to fetch the historical background of company, the functioning of its legacy systems, and the issues that are being faced by the company as a result of ERP implementation. However, there are only few studies that showed ERP case studies for the company relative to the ERP issues.The web searches provided a restricted account of data on company’s ERP profile. In order to find details of the issues that are being faced by the
In order to reduce the ecological impact of Macquarie University’s Arts Department the ecological footprinting tool is used to highlight problem areas and provide clear information on usage. By using this footprinting tool and related academic literature seven potential strategies have been identified.
Identifying the costs and benefits of a project is the first step; the next step is to identifying the value of these components. Monetary values such as income and lost income can be assessed with current values. However to place a value on environmental benefits and costs is more difficult. Harris et al (2006) describes four categories of values they are direct use value which can use market price valuation. Indirect use value is the category used to describe how the project can benefit the environment such as carbon sequestration. Option value takes into account the benefits lost due to irreversibility
Social Factors - The California Pizza Kitchen sells pizzas, pastas, salads, etc. and the ambience of the restaurants is quite informal and homely. Its primary key to its success has been that they were the first pizza restaurant that offered fresh and non-traditional ingredients for its pizzas. On a whole, the American consumer base is traditionally not very nutritional conscience when it comes to dining out. Regionally, the consumer preferences are suiting the business model of the company in most areas; however changes in the consumer
The government can hardly keep pace with the time for implementation of a project. Every government project experiences cost overrun. Bureaucracy always suffers from inhibition psyche. Promptness is a word unknown to it. As a result, growth and development have always been impeded in the government sector.
Organizations need to be aware of what is going on in their environments that might concern them, and more so, during the planning process. Diverse but overlapping environments ought to be monitored; the macro environment, the industrial environment, the competitive environment, and the organization’s internal environment (Ginter, 2013; Pfeiffer, 1986). At Rapha AL, my chosen organization, the environmental scanning will include distinct internal and external factors that would enable Rapha gain excellent understanding of the current and emerging issues that might affect it, and inspire the setting of clear and achievable goals. In this paper, I will analyze and address the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT); discuss current and prospective customers and evaluate the impact of environmental factors on the organization’s effectiveness to achieve the established goals within the strategic plan. Furthermore, I will address evolving external issues that could influence the strategic plan, evaluate the benefits of competitive analysis and Rapha’s capacity to achieve the strategic goals and objectives in a 3-year strategic plan.