Analysis Of Beck 's Cognitive Therapy

2180 Words Sep 18th, 2016 9 Pages
Beck’s cognitive therapy is based on the theory that one’s cognitions (thoughts) are based on developed schemas or attitudes that are activated in specific corresponding situations as a way to interpret the situation. Schemas are developed structures in the mind that are activated in specific situations relevant to them, and attitudes are the stable organization structures used to guide the processing of information in the mind (Pössel & Black, 2014). Negative dysfunctional attitudes cause cognitive distortions, that is, thinking and perceptions that are negative which results in the Negative Cognitive Triad (NCT). The NCT are the three negative views that an individual has, about the self, about the world and/or their experiences and about the future. This model explains how having these negative beliefs (such as believing the person is inadequate in some way, negatively interpreting their experiences with the world, and not having a positive view of the future) could lead to negative automatic thoughts, where their interpretation and thoughts about situations are distorted to fit the dysfunctional developed schema, thereby reinforcing the schema (Beck, 1979). This reinforcement ultimately results in symptoms of depression manifesting in the individual. In summary, the bidirectional reinforcing relationship between these negative cognitive constructs and depressive symptoms lead to depression (Pössel & Black, 2014).
Furthermore, the cognitive model also offers a reasoning…
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