Analysis Of Beck's Cognitive Theory Of Depression

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

Different studies showed that adolescents do not sleep adequately and inadequate sleep is usually related with greater risk for depression, furthermore studies usually get urban adolescents as their sample and scarcity of research in rural adolescents (Daly, 2015).
Sleep disturbance is the great cause for depression, functional impairment, falls, poor quality of life, and poor health (Martin, 2010). Furthermore according to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), sleep disorders usually come along with depression, anxiety and cognitive changes. One of the major causes of the problem of disease in the world is depression (Lee et al., 2014). Depression is a kind of feeling where one is overwhelmed by feelings of
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This theory was developed by Aaron Beck in 1967. The said theory is a diathesis-stress model associated to predisposing factors, the factors that cause people to become hopeless or vulnerable when depressed, precipitating factors, the events that cause people vulnerability, and perpetuating factors, the factors that maintain and cause of return of the depression (Grant et al., 2010).
According to Beck negative dysfunctional attitudes could be the cause of cognitive triad which is thinking in a way of seeing the self, the world and the future negatively (Possel & Black, 2013). Beck (1967) said that people who are depressed perceive the world with many hindrances and this person communicates with the environment negatively.
Esbensen and associates (2007) reported that people who are depressed limit their rational and obvious explanations and automatically perceive situations negatively. And also Brewin (1998) stated that existence of depressing thoughts affects individual’s ability to process information consciously that could cause symptoms for depression namely, sleep disturbance, delusions, cognitive and motor slowing and lack of
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