Analysis Of China's One-Child Policy

1919 Words8 Pages
China’s One Child policy has been called inhumane, harsh, and unnecessarily cruel considering that other countries have been successful in controlling their population without abducting babies, denying illegal second children an identity or forcing abortions and sterilizations. Since the One-Child Policy has been effective in slowing the growth of China’s population even though it has been heartbreaking to many families, it is important to analyze the effects of the One-Child Policy on the people and economy of China to see if it was worth the issues it caused. The One-Child Policy created by the Chinese Communist Party, started in 1979 and ended in late 2015. China’s population was at 969 million and was very quickly approaching 1 billion,…show more content…
This caused the population to reach almost one billion. Soon after, In late 1978 the communist party created a voluntary program encouraging families to have at most two children. Then On September 25, 1980, a public letter published by the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party called upon the people of China to strictly follow the One-Child Policy. “Even though the birthrate had dropped below 3 children per family by 1980, a new regime of Chinese leaders believed that forcibly restricting population growth would lead to greater economic prosperity.” The program was supposed to apply to everyone, although exceptions have been made that allows parents to have two children if they are a part of some ethnic minority or couples whose firstborn was handicapped. Although the Communist Party claims the One-Child Policy averted 300 to 400 million births, the true number of births avoided is estimated to be half of that around 100 to 200…show more content…
The foundation of the One-Child Policy were the cluster leaders who enforced the policy at a village level. They would ensure couples only had one child and if violation of the One-Child Policy they would receive the appropriate punishment. If a couple qualified to have two children after their second child the mother or father will be sterilized. These sterilizations were not by choice and if necessary would be forced upon the woman or man. Couples would also be sterilized and faced with a crippling fine if they disregarded the policy. These fines could be up to 10 times the couple's annual disposable income. An example of a chinese citizen who faced a ridiculous fine was Zhang Yimou a film director. He was fined 7,480,000 yuan or 1,145,500 United States dollars for having three children before he registered his second marriage. If couples were unable to pay the fine, their houses would be raided. In addition to being forced to pay a fine and sterilized, a second child might be regarded as illegal and never be recognized by the government. These “illegal” children could not travel, receive a free education, get public health care, or use a library. They were known as “black” children. It is estimated that there are in between 10 to 20 million of these “black” children living in China. Liu Xue is one of the illegal second children in China. The government refuses to gives Liu her
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