Analysis Of Chumash Renaissance : Indian Casinos, Education, And Cultural Politics

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tribe members and "implored penitents toward a shift in subjectivity through introspection, self-examination, guilt, and sorrow for sin"(McCormack). This helped the Confessario to personalize the penitent, altering Native behavior and thought from its larger social and cultural perspective.
Accordingly, the confessional aids focused scrupulous interest on the transgressions of the sixth and ninth commandments (sins of impurity, including adultery, fornication, homosexuality, masturbation, and lust).
Moreover, we can momentarily consider how religious transformation challenged the Chumash ideologies about the religious and the sacred. Ultimately, all these new regulations the Chumash associated them as foreign Christian meanings and values.
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Unmistakably, it is not clear whether some of the pagan rituals or the Chumash ideologies could have potentially also been some of the factors leading to the insurrection. One such case in 1801, in the middle of a string of attacks of pneumonia and pleurisy, had struck the neophytes at Santa Barbara, and an Indian woman who had used Native American curer experienced a hallucinogenic-induced vision.
As a result, the Indian woman in this altered state of mind had met the earth goddess Chupu. Moreover, this Chupu had mentioned to the Indian woman that "all the baptized Indians would die and only those would be spared who canceled their baptism by hand-washing with water known as 'tears of the Sun '(Mancall and Merrell 514). The news of this vision had spread fast among the Native Americans. Another key point, Mancall and Merrell assert that Chumash from the islands to the interior came to see this woman and propitiate Chupu (514). In addition, this could just be mere speculation as to whether if the hallucinogenic-induced vision from the Indian woman could have played a role in influencing the Chumash to rebel against their oppressors.
Similarly, other factors occurring during this time period appears to be purely coincidental. Authors, Mancall and Merrell maintain that both and after the uprising, as one informant remembered, the Indians of Santa Barbara would: secretly build temples of sticks and brush, on which they hung bits of rag, cloth and

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