Analysis Of Civil Disobedience Thoreau

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Civil Disobedience Similar to Douglas, Thoreau writes against the injustice of slavery and the despotism of government. Thoreau starts his essay by stating that “Government is best which governs least” since government becomes despotic with corruption. He further adds in his essay “Government is best which governs not at all” with the same sentiment of civil disobedience against the injustices of government. For that reason Thoreau makes the argument that Government not practical because it does not pass the test of morality.
Moreover, Thoreau’s repudiation of the government’s standing army is why the government fails this test of morality. For Thoreau, government is the mode by which people execute their will. Therefore, it is the people who have the right to disobey civil government because it draws its strength from the will of the majority. His criticism extends to the power of the strong, since the power of the strong does not translate to the justice and question the people’s resignation of their rights to the legislator.
Lastly, Thoreau argues that government lost some of its integrity. For Thoreau, when the tyranny becomes great and unendurable, men have the right to revolution and the right to refuse their allegiance and resist government. Even voting for the right is doing nothing for it according to Thoreau. Even in his criticism of voting, Thoreau expresses that people would vote to abolish slavery once they feel indifferent about it. Furthermore, Thoreau considered the Constitution a form of human law based on moral principle. Therefore, the Constitution should not subject people to relinquish their natural rights, and men should resist civil government in return.
Bartelby
In agreement with Thoreau’s philosophy of civil disobedience, Melville argues about the political consequences for resisting government through his story of Bartelby. This character illustrates the connection between Fredrick Douglas’ life as a slave to the system that turned him into a machine. Bartelby’s story as an scrivener, narrates the life of a man who becomes aggravated with the system in place, and disobeys the orders of his master the lawyer.
Evidenced by his refusal to work, Bartelby seals his fate as he faces
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