Analysis Of Douglas Mcgregor 's Theory And Management Theory

829 WordsSep 3, 20154 Pages
Douglas McGregor has become known as one of the most influential people who studied how workers behaviors affect the managers’ leadership strategy. McGregor was a pioneer in behavioral management theory paying attention to how to become more efficient and effective. During his research he proposed two sets of assumptions about how work attitudes and behaviors not only dominate the way managers think but also affect how they behave in organizations. Douglas McGregor coined these assumptions as Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X is “a set of negative assumptions about workers that leads to the conclusion that a manager’s task is to supervise workers closely and control their behavior.” Theory X managers believe that the average employee is lazy, dislikes work, and will try to do as possible. (McGregor, The Side of Enterprise) Theory Y is “a set of positive assumptions about workers that leads to the conclusion that a manager’s task is to create a work setting that encourages commitment to organizational goals and provides opportunities for works to be imaginative and to exercise initiative and self-direction.” Theory Y managers believe that employees are not inherently lazy; given the chance employees will do what is good for the organization. (McGregor, The Side of Enterprise) Understanding the human nature of others is one of the main characteristics managers have to think about in the work environment when leading others. The manager needs to have a clear vision of
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