A) The excerpt from Hesiod’s text illustrates different characters who serve a myriad of purposes. There are 3 main characters in the text Zeus, Hephaestus and Hermes. Zeus orders the creation of the first woman, Pandora, and commands Olympians to present Pandora with gifts. Hephaestus crafts Pandora because of Zeus’s orders. Hermes provided Pandora with “a deceitful nature,” (Hesiod) and delivered her to Epimetheus. There are other characters with minor roles in the text. The most important character is Zeus, because he was orchestrating the whole event. He assigned tasks to the Olympians and all the other characters were just following his command.
B) The scene on the vase shows only a part of the woman present on the far right. Additionally, this woman is wearing a crown. The person who is holding the hammer seems to be moving his arm towards the woman. The person left of center is facing the man on the far left and it looks like they are conversing. On the basis of Hesiod’s text people depicted on this vase, from right to left, are Pandora, Hephaestus, Hermes and Zeus. There are numerous attributes that allow the identification of these characters. Pandora in Hesiod’s text is being made using mud, which might answer why only a part of the woman is shown on the vase. Furthermore, the woman depicted on the vase is wearing a crown and Hesiod’s text mentions “crowned her (Pandora) head with spring flowers,” (Hesiod) these two things allow me to identify this woman as