Analysis Of Hodgkin's Disease

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Webster’s Dictionary defines Hodgkin’s disease as “a neoplastic disease that is characterized by progressive enlargement of lymph nodes, spleen, and liver and by progressive anemia” (“Hodgkin’s Disease”, n.d.). This form of cancer is relatively rare affecting only about 9,000 of the 80,000 diagnosed forms of lymphoma in the United States each year (“About Hodgkin’s Lymphoma”, n.d.). Until recently, Hodgkin’s was difficult to treat but with the advancement of technology and medicine, patients with this disease have a very high rate of survival and even remission. Early signs usually begin with painless, swollen lymph nodes in the axillary, cervical, or inguinal regions. Other symptoms may include pruritus, cachexia, anorexia, nocturnal hyperhidrosis,…show more content…
In stage one, cancerous cells are only found in one specific place. This could be "one or more lymph nodes in one lymph node group, Waldeyer's ring, thymus, or spleen" (National Cancer Institute, 2015). Stage one can be further broken down into stage IE, in which cancer is found outside of the lymph system. In stage two, cancerous cells are found in two or more groups of lymph nodes. Similar to stage one, stage two can also be further broken down into stage IIE. In this stage, the cancer is located in one or more lymph node groups and also outside of this group in another organ or surrounding area. Both stage one and two can be located either above or below the diaphragm. In stage three, which is more progressed, the cancer has spread to areas both below and above the diaphragm. This stage is also broken down into sub categories which are: stage III, stage IIIE, stage IIIs, and stage IIIE,S. Each of these are similar to stage three, but also include a specific organ such as the spleen or other nearby organs. Stage four is the last and most critical stage of Hodgkin's Disease. This stage includes all of the qualifications of the previous stages, in addition to being found in the lungs, liver, bone marrow, or even the cerebrospinal…show more content…
Treatment plan could involve chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant, or possibly surgery. The chemotherapy given to the patient will most likely be through an IV, but can possibly be taken by mouth. Though this form of treatment can be extremely helpful, it can also cause potential side effects such as loss of hair, fatigue, decreased immune system, or stomatitis. Radiation therapy may be used either alone, or in addition to chemotherapy. This method is usually done with a machine that delivers high-energy radiation from the outside of the body to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. This method is sometimes preferred, as it can target a small area of the body. Similar to chemotherapy, side effects may accompany radiation therapy. These can include: fatigue, sensitive skin, and various other problems to the area and surrounding areas that undergo
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