Analysis Of Immanuel Kant's Deontology On Moral Ethics

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Many philosophers have represented their views on moral philosophy, with different approaches on how a human being should live his or her life, based on what is right and wrong. Would you perceive a specific action to be moral based on inclination or because it was just a means to an end or because it is what duty requires? Immanuel Kant believes the actions performed as duty requires are the only ones with moral worth. On the other hand, Hume considers morality to come from within, through motivation and actions rather than through reason. This paper aims to prove how Immanuel Kant’s deontology is the absolute ethical system of “moral law”. To demonstrate this, we will explore appropriate arguments given by Kant through his fundamental principles of the metaphysics and Hume’s…show more content…
“Sapere Aude” was the motto of the enlightenment which meant “Dare to Know”. Dare to know the reality and understanding of the noumenal world (the-world-in-itself) through your own reasoning. This period encouraged individuals to emerge from their self-imposed immaturity, which meant overcoming the dependency on constant guidance from another to understand and think on their behalf as well as overcoming laziness and cowardice (Kant,1996). Immanuel Kant believed that freedom was all that was needed to enlighten such individuals. He emphasizes on the need for both public and private use of freedom. This meant that the society must have enough freedom to voice their opinions and use their reason at their place of work as well as, in the public sphere to create a constitutional monarchy. Therefore, the most probable route to enlightenment is the public use of man’s reason, through contributing his own views and opinions with the society. He felt that this would eventually work towards the direction of a universal enlightenment amongst the society, as rationalism is the key to progress (Kant,
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