Analysis Of ' Kafka 's ' The Metamorphosis '

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Ralph Freedman’s critical essay titled “Kafka’s Obscurity” on Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis delves into the idea that from changes in the protagonist’s physical limitations, familial bonds, and his being “[he] is finally reduced to a mere speck of self-awareness which is ultimately extinguished” (Freedman 131). General questions of “why” and “how” are almost immediately dismissed due to the calm and monotonous tone that Kafka implements throughout the novel. Instead, the reader is encouraged to ponder the consequences of separating one’s mind from their body, in particular, how long can their humanity stay intact when the rest of them is replaced. Freedman reveals the “paradoxical” (Freedman 131) nature of The Metamorphosis in which the demise of one’s life may also be blissful release, especially when the individual in question was arguably inhuman to begin with. The transformation itself is emphasising the character’s current dejection and is highlighted by the transformations mirrored in the family as well.
From the first moment that Gregor Samsa became an abomination to his last seconds on Earth, a struggle for him to retain his essential self was known. He had always been so considerate of his family and even as a bug would hide himself under the couch for their sanity. As the story progresses, Gregor becomes resentful of the way everyone treats him, especially with his sister, Grete Samsa, who stopped cleaning his room and forbade anyone from taking the
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