Analysis Of King 's Theory Of Goal Attainment

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Nearly every person on Earth has a desire to be heard and have their feelings and opinions matter to others. This is especially true when it comes to matters of one’s own health. To have the capacity to engage with doctors and nurses over decisions involving health care decisions is one of the keys to improving health. This is what Imogene King determined to be the case when developing her Theory of Goal Attainment. Analyzing King’s Theory of Goal Attainment as well as examining it from both the patient’s and the nurse’s perspective will give a clearer understanding of the theory and how it is applicable in the clinical setting today.
Analysis of Theory of Goal Attainment
Early in the 1960’s, Imogene King developed her Theory of Goal
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Personal, which includes the patient’s self-perception, their growth and development, their body image and space and time. Interpersonal includes interactions with other, exceptional communication, role and stress. Social includes organization, authority, status, power and decision making (King, 1997).
The need for accurate and understandable health information is key to curing and preventing illness and it affects the patient on a personal, interpersonal, and social plane. On the personal level, the patient has a need to understand his or her body, not only how it functions but also when it is not functioning properly. They also want to know what the cause is and how to best treat it. Because the patient wants to have a positive self-perception they strive most likely go to great links to understand what it is the nurse is telling them. In her article, Mary b. Killeen, when deciphering King’s theory describes perception as a process whereby humans transact with the environment they are in (Killeen, 2007). Therefore, for the patient to fully grasp the situation, the nurse must take into account the patient’s education level, their state of mind, and their willingness to absorb what the nurse is telling them.
Interpersonally, the nurse needs to have meaningful and open dialogue going with the patient at all times. The nurse should make certain that the patient understands each person’s
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