Since the conquests of Columbus, indigenous people have been seen as less important than white, catholic settlers with European heritage. Throughout the development of the “New World” and eventually the United States of America, the native people were treated cruelly through many different wars, acts of racism, and displacement of indigenous nations. Despite the brutal history the indigenous people of North America have gone through, in some cases, traditions, languages, and beliefs from previous generations have been kept and remembered. Throughout her novel, La Rose, Louise Erdrich represents authentic Native American history by creating numerous situations in which the Indians are oppressed or have to deal with their intergenerational…show more content… Erdrich expresses the effect of the boarding schools through several characters within the novel. While visiting Peter Ravich, Landreaux begins to feel claustrophobic, a symptom that appears when a house is too orderly and hence reminds him of, “the buzzers, bed checks, whistles, bells, divided trays, measured days of boarding school [and]…the unspeakable neatness of military preparation for violence” (Erdrich, 75). By including stories about boarding schools, drug and alcohol abuse, poverty, and disease, Erdrich is able to establish a demoralizing and pessimistic view of Native American society. Overall, the history and current lives of Native Americans is well described within the novel by Landreaux as a collection of, “loss, dislocation, disease, addiction, and just feeling like the tattered remnants of a people with a complex history” (Erdrich, 51).
Despite the immense amount of oppression and examples of affliction in the novel, Erdrich creates a completely different outlook on Native American life in the conclusion. While many people know of the discrimination against the Indians, they seem to have a stronger sense of community than non-Indians. Treuer explains that while Americans have lost their true identity as they move from place to place around the country, Indians all have an established home for family and community gatherings. For