Madeline Leininger’s sunrise model was first developed in 1976, she calls it a trans-cultural health model. It includes major social and cultural factors influencing individual perspective of health care systems. The model is designed to provides a guidance for the study and analysis of the major variables found within different cultures in order to obtain a “trans-cultural heath care perspective of health-illness systems” ( Leininger,1976). The 1976 model consisted of two major categories: levels of analysis and major domains of study and analysis. Four different levels of analysis and corresponding domains of study were included. Level one analysis of social structure features and the domain associated with this level were political, economic, social, cultural, technological, educational, demographic, and environment factors. Level two was analysis of cultural values and health care. The domains associated with level two include dominant cultural values and health care values. Level three analysis of health care system and its typologies. Major domains of study associated with this level included folk and professional health systems. Level four analysis focuses on role and function of health professionals. Domains of study included role responsibility and functions.
Later on for the next decade, Leininge presented multiple models for use in studying trans-cultural and ethno-caring concepts building upon this original model. But I like this one the most because I feel that