In this paper, I will be discussing the disorder of Autism, a sever disorder that affects the function of the brain. It causes problems in such areas as social contact, intelligence, language and speech impediments, along with ritualistic or compulsive behaviors, as well as different responses to the environment that an autistic individual may have different than individuals not having autism would exhibit. I will be discussing generally about the history and description of autism. Also I will be discussing the charactistics that mark an autistic individual, the actual treatment that an autistic person may receive, risk factors that an autistic person may encounter, and interventions/treatments activities that an individual who has autism may take part in. I feel that by doing all of this that I will gain a greater sense of understanding for individuals with autism. I will be giving this information to you by going through each topic that I have outlined in the introduction and explaining what each means and how they affect an individual with autism.
There are a number of methods of collecting data, some of them are – questionnaire, surveys, checklists, interviews, observations, focus group etc (Cordray, 1986; Einhorn and Hogarth, 1986).
The mind of an autistic person is fascinating and frightening because usually their actions can’t accurately express what their brain is thinking. It is frustrating to try and determine what a child with autism is trying to say, and often results in them being misunderstood. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, by Mark Haddon, tells the story from the perspective of Christopher Boone, a fifteen year old boy with autism. Chris is brilliant at math and science, but is unable to understand or express emotion. His difficult home life further contributes to his illness; he doesn’t have anyone at home who supports him and tries to help him. His teacher, Siobhan, is his only friend and the only person who tries to help him learn to
In Thinking in Pictures, Temple Grandin describes autism from the perspective of an engineer, animal enthusiast, scientist, and autistic activist. By providing a balanced discussion of the disorder’s deficits and abilities, her autism is portrayed in a refreshingly positive light. Grandin highlights the special heightened abilities that people with autism possess and repeatedly emphasizes the importance of cultivating skills and channeling interests. When discussing deficits, Grandin does not only state which symptoms people with autism may experience, but goes further to explain why these behaviors manifest. She provides readers with a neurological basis for nearly every behavior, from public tantrums and lack of empathy to avoiding eye contact and fearing change. Grandin tactfully defines, describes, and in a sense, justifies, all the seemingly strange behaviors that people with autism may exhibit, which consequentially helps to reduce the stigmatization of autism. Furthermore, she maintains the hopeful
The systematic collection of data from large number of people, normally based on a sample of the population. This method can be fast, inexpensive and efficient, produces quantitative data and easy to replicate and generalise findings due to large sample. However there can be low response rates and demand characteristics. Structured or unstructured interviews are another method that can be used.
Having a family member with the disorder of Autism has made me question how people can cope with this type of syndrome. As I am continuing my education I have decided to work as a therapist who diagnose and treat such children with disabilities. As I researched books in the psychology section, I was able to find a book that will extend my knowledge in my career and answer my questions of Autism. Author Liane Holiday Willey is a Parkway North, 1977, graduate that has a Doctoral on education (Ed.D). At the age of thirty-five she was diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome, and now she is a professor of psycholinguistics, a motivational speaker and a sponsor of therapy programs. As a woman with Asperger’s syndrome, she is dedicating her career to educate people around the globe about the high-functioning autism in woman. Not only did she experience growing up and living with the disorder but also dealing with her youngest daughter
This assignment will highlight the interview process and the observation analysis of a child named Alice Buck who lives in our neighborhood. She is five years old and she struggles with a condition called Autism a mental disorder which is characterized by difficulty in establishing social interactions, non verbal and verbal communication and behaviors that are repetitive. She was diagnosed with the condition when she was 2 years old when her parents and doctors noticed some difficulty in her intellectual ability, complications in her physical health like inability to sleep, gastrointestinal disruptions, strains in motor coordination and maintaining attention spans. She has two elder sisters Alex and Christine both in secondary school. She is American and comes from a middle-class family. I will interview her parents and observe her in school and at home to further understand her development process and how her condition impacts her life as a child.
You may think that autism is a disorder that was recently discovered. Yet, it has been around for decades, it is only now that there is more knowledge about the condition. There are documented researches, articles, and journals that come across different aspects of autism. Recently I have decided to do my own investigation because I too have a brother who is autistic. I have noticed that this condition is interpreted as a whole but there are more categories that fall into it. My goal in this paper is to give you more of an understanding about autism along with its history, characteristics, and experiences from others.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by a cluster of behaviors that has rapidly became more prevalent in recent years. With the increase of children on the autism spectrum and the severity of their diagnosis becoming more pungent, public schools have found themselves braced in finding methods to educate autistic children. A complex disorder needs complex help. The idea of creating an environment at which every student will be able to meet their highest potential in their education, including those with disabilities such as autism, is existent, but whether or not that doctrine is being applied is in question. There are several appropriate methods, such as providing teacher assistants and enhancing special education programs,
Numerous studies have been conducted showing the daily lives of children with autism spectrum disorder, and the battles the parents have to face. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2015), “Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a group of complex neurodevelopment disorders characterized by repetitive and characteristic patterns of behavior and difficulties with social communication and interaction.” As someone who lives with an autistic child, the daily challenges faced are enormous. Autistic children tend to have specific daily routines, and if those daily routines are disrupted, it greatly upsets the child. The following scholarly journals all discuss the lives of autistic people along with a perspective of their parents.
Perhaps, the most intriguing part of the discussion was we as educators, or aspiring educators, learned ourselves about students with autism from three different vantage points. We learned from the teacher, the parent, and the student who is on the spectrum. An interesting point that was brought up by Jamey Wolff, was the fact that we are still attempting to understand those with autism and there is a large spectrum to which students may be placed. They stated characteristics
There are many techniques used in different situations for gathering different data. I will outline some of the main ones and describe the data gathered, advantages and disadvantages of each method.
Observational study is another form of collecting data. In observational studies the observer will study the habit and functions of the targeted population. In this case it would be the freshmen at this leading university that live on campus or in private off-campus dorms.