Analysis Of Maternal Mortality During Rural Latin America, Specifically Demand Side Vs. Supply Side Interventions Essay

923 Words4 Pages
TITLE: Analysis of Strategies to Decrease Infant Mortality in Rural Latin America

Research question: what interventions have been most effective in reducing infant mortality in rural Latin America, specifically demand side vs. supply side interventions?

I. Introduction
a. General demographics information
i. 20% of Latin America’s population, 120 million individuals, still reside in rural areas (Population Reference Bureau 2014) ii. Further information about specific countries?
b. State of the health of rural populations in Latin America
i. In 2014, in Bolivia, the urban infant mortality rate was 43 deaths per 1,000 live births, but the rural infant mortality rate was 75, and in Peru, the urban rate was 16 while the rural rate was 25 (Population Reference Bureau 2014)
c. Barriers to health care in rural areas
i. Rural populations often have higher rates of socioeconomic disadvantage, lower levels of education, and less access to health care resources (Hillemeier et al. 2007) ii. Undesirable for healthcare workers, difficult to access isolated communities, lack of technology, facilities and other resources
d. Definition of rural: Lack of consensus and issues that it causes
i. Governments and scholars assess many different factors when assigning rural status, such as population density, total population, distance from an urban center, or economic dependence on farming (Hart, Larson, and Lishner 2005) ii. The lack of a universal definition causes issues in allocating

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