One last preliminary question: What is a culture? What do we mean when we talk about a given people's culture? James Axtell has provided a definition of culture that, in many ways, illustrates the problems of grappling with this slippery concept:
Sociologists have theorized culture and its role in the society in various ways. Some conceive culture as a worldview, where culture structurally orients individual actions and the ways in which they make sense of the social worlds. Others have theorized culture based on language and how it contributes to cultural processes of giving meanings to arbitrary signs to allow individuals to make sense of the world they live it. Still others approach culture as a practical toolkit, a cache of ideas, or repertoire, from which individuals draw in their day to day life. Several other conceptions of culture (i.e., culture as values, symbolic boundaries, or capital) are also available. This paper aims to investigate the three main conceptions
Culture is one of the most relevant elements that can define not only a society but also a country’s cumulative beliefs and system. Often noted as the origins of a country, culture is definitive in the sense that it harbors all the elements that can provide justification on the traditions and norms set by the society for its members. More often than not, the society members follow norms in order to create a harmonious community, and the beliefs and the traditions serve as the poles or grounding rules for each member to follow. Culture is very dynamic in the way that it can change over a variety of foreign influences but what is permanent about it is that original elements about it often lingers with the influences, therefore making it multi-faceted and broad. More importantly, culture serves as an individual and unique trait each society has, and therefore sets it apart from other countries and other societies.
Culture is the characteristics of a group of people defined by language, cuisine, religion social habits music and art. There are many different types of culture including western culture, eastern culture, African culture and many more. Culture is influenced by the groups of people that make up the country (Zimmermann, 2012). The term culture was first used by an English Anthropologist named Edward B. Tyler. It was first mentioned in 1871 in his book named ‘Primitive Culture’. He stated that culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society”. Since then culture is the main focus of anthropology.
Bevan & Sole (2014) proposes that culture is the cumulative knowledge deposits, opinions, morals, occurrences, outlooks, positions, consequences, orders, moments, spatial relations, the views of the world and the significant things that a collection of people has developed over generations throughout groups and personal endeavors. Culture is not stationary; it is lively and is continuously changing through human conduct, viewpoints, occurrences, concepts and manners including other things said.
Most Americans are not aware of the many definitions the word culture has had over its course of existence in the English language. Some associate their knowledge of culture with one of Beethoven 's classic symphonies or with a beautiful painting by Picasso. These same individuals most often classify their ideal of culture in two classes- high and low culture. As the authors state, “a cultured person is someone who has achieved a certain level of refinement and
In today 's society, culture is impacting our everyday life, experience and social relations; we are all categorized by our cultural “groups”, but this has changed rapidly throughout the years from one generation to the next. Cultural studies were developed in the late 1950’s, through the 1970’s by the British academic scholars. The British scholars were able engaged cultural analysis and the developed then transformed of the different fields, for example, politically, theoretically and empirically that are now represented around the world.
to describe it and currently there are many definitions. With a short look into the history, the word culture comes from Latin word cultura – meaning care, or colere – cultivate/grow, principally used to define cultivating of the land (agri cultura). Later, a Roman rhetorician Macrus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BCE) brought meaning of the word culture into the new perspective. In his book Tusculan Disputations “he spoke of cultivating the mind of the spirit, that is, cultura animi”. Since that, culture was used to define the concept of human learning. Nevertheless, the notion of culture has many other meanings.
Culture can be defined as a belief that allows you to identify who you are. Thus, through cultre there is self - discovery and belonging in a group of persons who share the same belief system; who have found themselves and are now seeking to digest more about one another through eachother's' unearthing of one's self. Culture assists you not only in identifying who you are, but the sort of people you can surround yourself with due to common interests. In this society; I have witnessed cultural unity, cultural identity crisis' and moreover a cultural divide and surprisingly all of those fold under the same umbrella in reagrds to knowing where you stand and those you choose to stand with.
The term culture is described as ‘a verb’. However it is explained that culture is difficult to define as it can be associated in different ways by different people. Some people think of culture as a thing while others term it as a set of beliefs,
In the text reading “Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society” author Raymond Williams states culture is” One of the two or three most complicated words in the English language” with its origins starting as a noun- of process or cultivation”. In the text reading the author illustrates the entomology and the metamorphosis of the word culture from-meaning cultivating the land in the 16th -18th century, to identifying people, processes, and production. He explains popular English definitions of culture as cultivating the land, cultivating the mind and cultivating people, to the world’s present hegemonic meaning of “High Culture.” High Culture attained by one 's knowledge and understating of art, intellect, etiquette, language and habitus. Distinctions that separate the upper and lower class status in society, thus creating different forms of cultural Capitol. With dominant “Cultural Capitol” preferred and used as a form currency to navigate upward mobility, wealth achievement, upper class and dominant statuses in our society...
Cultures can be defined as a system of interrelated fundamental perceptions of assumptions and symbols. The symbols convey an explicit message, and are shared among the group so that they become common knowledge. Unlike philosophy, the connections are implied, and conclude which leads to the symbolical expression of their rituals. Each person has a different perception of the world and a different interaction with human life. Different countries may use different symbols to convey their messages. Also, culture is a social type of glue that connects a group of people with reality. Furthermore, culture is a part of everyone’s life; one must embrace the culture to really understand the wonderful world. Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered an act of a guiding principle of behavior. This essay will contain sufficient evidence on the difference of high and low cultural context, failure of the Nimchill campaign and demonstrate the failure of ignoring the nature of culture as a tacit philosophy.
Kroeber and Kluckhohn (1962) identify over 150 scientific definitions of the concept of culture. Indeed, many authors have tried to define culture and this is why there are so many definitions and that a unique one is hard to find. First of all, Kroeber and Kluckholn (1952) assume that culture is a suite of patterns, implicit and explicit, “of and for behaviour acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievements of human groups, including their embodiments in artefacts” (p.47). Later, Hofstede adds that culture is “the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one category of people from another” (Hofstede, 1991, p.51). This definition is the most widely accepted one amongst practitioners. For Winthrop (1991), culture is the distinctive models of thoughts, actions and values that composed members of a society or a social group. In other words,