Analysis Of Noam Chomsky 's ' The 1960s ' Essay

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In the 1960s, Noam Chomsky challenged the traditional view on language by claiming that language is biologically rooted, and belongs to our biological endowment. To begin with, the notion of ‘language’ is ambiguous, as it covers many different aspects: historical, social, cultural, etc. However, the Chomskyan bio linguistic approach is not concerned with these aspects. To avoid terminological problems, I will refrain from using ‘language’, and will use instead ‘Faculty of Language’ (henceforth, FL) to refer to language as a biologically seated capacity that evolved in human phylogeny. I will briefly characterize its architecture, for it is such an architecture that has to be explained evolutionarily. From the view of mental architecture, FL is a bridge faculty, which connects two different systems: the Articulatory-Perceptual system (henceforth, A-P), in charge of the workings of our visual, oral, gestural and auditory activities, and the Conceptual-Intentional system, (henceforth-I), responsible for the production of intentional thoughts and attitudes on and about the world. Both capacities are independent: on the one hand, not every thought needs to be externalized; on the other, we can produce sounds without any associated meaning. According to its status of bridge theory, FL provides the channel by which representations of A-P and C-I systems (i.e. sounds/gestures and meanings) become accessible to each other. Therefore, FL, or to put it equivalently, the

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