Analysis Of Orem 's Self Care Theory

1730 WordsOct 18, 20157 Pages
Numerous nursing hypotheses have been developed in the course of the most recent century with an end goal to guide practice, training and research for nursing students, RNs, and other health care professionals. In spite of the differing qualities of these theories and models, four ideal models or metaparadigm concepts have come to light that are presently widely acknowledged as key to the discipline of nursing, i.e., person, health, environment, and nursing (Hanucharunkul, 1989). One of the theories which truly emerges and has the qualities of a competent nursing theory is Dorthea Orem’s Self-Care Theory. The self-care theory depicts self-care and care of dependents as a learned behavior which serves the purpose of regulating the ability to function, develop, and maintain human anatomical strength, by being responsible for self (Orem, 1985). It also explains why and how nursing care should be used to supplement rather than supplant a person’s self-care ability (Denyes, Orem, & Bekel, 2001). An analysis of Orem’s self-care model, since its origin till the present time, reveals that the model’s key concepts are compatible with the four metaparadigm concepts of nursing, and if adapted appropriately, this model can be rewarding when applied to clinical practice, in client care, and also for nursing students and practicing nurses. Origin and Development Dorthea Orem, with the purpose of developing a curriculum for practical nurses, started publishing her work in 1959 with an

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