Analysis Of Paul Taylor 's ' Respect For Nature '

Decent Essays
Personally, I am sympathetic to Paul Taylor’s idea that people should respect for every living organism. From his book “Respect for Nature”, he proposes a definition of environmental ethics called Biocentric Individualism. It basically means that humans are not superior to any living organisms. Humans are a part of nature, so humans should have moral relations and connections with every living organism in the world. Thus, human’s obligations, actions and responsibilities should be often determined with respect to those relations and connections. Moreover, he suggests that every organism has intrinsic value such as unique biological functions or natural goals. To maintain a good natural system, organisms have to contribute and function together. Hence, all organisms should have equal inherent worth.
Paul Taylor also mentions about his attitude of respect for natural. He basically breaks it down into 4 components. Firstly, organisms have a relationship called interdependence; it means that organisms are mutually dependent on the relation to other organisms. For example, while animals inhale oxygen gas for aerobic respiration and exhale carbon dioxide as a metabolic waste, plants absorb carbon dioxide to form carbohydrates and release oxygen as an end product. The interdependence is very important for maintaining a healthy eco-system, since every organism has their own unique biological functions.
Secondly, humans are not privilege in community of life. He suggests several
Get Access