Analysis Of Plato 's Apology And Crito

1857 Words Dec 20th, 2016 8 Pages
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The word “philosophy” can be defined as someone’s theory as to how one should live their life. For Socrates, in Plato’s Apology and Crito, the concept of the human soul drives the actions in which he lives his life. His view of the purpose for one’s actions differs from that of his fellow Athenians, who viewed physical pleasures – money, status, power – as the most important objectives in life. Within his own argument to the Athenian jury against the importance of bodily pleasures, Socrates relates himself to Achilleus, a warrior in Homer’s Iliad, whose philosophies heavily coincide with the Homeric era: honor and glory are the motivating factors for how people should live their lives. For both groups of Greeks, the motivation for their actions heavily revolved around their self-interest; however, their reasoning is what differentiates them from each other. For the Homeric Greeks, honor centered as their motivation; though, men could not fulfil their desires without the justification from others. For Socrates, only through reason and rational investigation can one achieve their individual goal of preserving the soul. Even though each belief system differs in objective, and the avenue in which it is obtained, both philosophies center around the same thing: self-benefit.
Classic Greek cities such as Athens greatly developed and altered their philosophies of life from the that of the Homeric age and the Trojan war depicted in the Iliad. For the men at the…
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