Analysis Of Plato 's Republic : The Definition Of Justice

986 Words Oct 20th, 2015 4 Pages
In Plato’s Republic, Socrates begins a debate on the definition of justice. It starts off as a simple discussion on what justice means to some people. Eventually the discussion moves on how justice comes about it in an ideal city. Socrates eventually comes to the idea that an ideal city must have four virtues. These virtues happen to be: courage, wisdom, moderation, and justice. However, the only two virtues that applies to the city as a whole is justice and moderation. Whereas, courage is associated in the warriors and wisdom is associated with the rulers. Justice can not be found where moderation does not appear. According to Plato, justice is one of the main causes of happiness. There is no justice without moderation, and there is no happiness without justice. Therefore, moderation is important for the city and the individual to have to be just. My view is that you need moderation for a city. I believe this because you need a certain balance within a city for it to run smoothly. If you give an excess amount to the city as a whole, they will become lazy and will not do their jobs. Socrates says “‘and in particular, don 't compel us in the current case to bestow the sort of happiness upon the guardians that would turn them more into anything than guardians. For we know how to clothe the farmers in purple robes and adorn them with gold and instruct them to work the land whenever it pleased them, and arrange potters on couches in order of importance, in front of the…
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