Analysis Of Robert Frost 's ' White

919 Words Sep 28th, 2014 4 Pages
In 1922, Robert Frost wrote the poem “In White.” Frost then revised this poem fourteen years later and published it under the title “Design.” On the surface, the speaker in the poem describes a situation in which a spider has killed a moth on a heal-all flower. But, as the layers are peeled back, there arises a conflict between the speaker and him/herself. The internal conflict stems from the world’s design or lack thereof. Frost takes a simple thought on design and makes the reader question life and the nature of creation through a random, haphazard occurrence of a spider, a moth, and a flower. To start the poem, the speaker stumbles upon a “fat and white” spider “on a white heal-all, holding up a moth” (1-2). This doesn’t tell the full story, but it does show the reader that there is a random occurrence between a spider, a moth, and a flower. As shown in the legend, a heal-all flower is usually blue but in this case it is white. The spider, which is generally dark-colored, is white as well. And the moth that is in the spider’s hands is “like a white piece of rigid satin cloth”. (3) A rigid, satin cloth symbolizes a coffin which shows that the moth in the spider’s arms is dead. After the first three lines there are two conclusions to be made: (1) There is a random occurrence of a rare, white spider climbing on a rare, white heal-all flower; (2) The spider represents darkness and evil. It is using the flower as camouflage to kill the moth. Finally, showing the characters…

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