Analysis Of The Aleutian Island Campaign Of Wwii

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During the Aleutian Island Campaign of WWII, the capture of Attu eliminated the Japanese Aleutian occupation and enabled the United States to launch raids against the Japanese from the north. This action took place from May 11th to May 30th 1943 and was the final battle of the campaign which officially ended on August 15, 1943. This paper will set the stage for the battle, describe the actions that took place and assess the significance of the battle. Information regarding the battle is taken primarily from a summary by The War Department, Military History Online, and various personal accounts gathered by the Washington Infantry Journal. These sources will give an in detail look at what happened at Attu, with the primary bias due to only…show more content…
Brown led the Army’s 7th Division of three regiments of infantry, four battalions of artillery, the 13th Combat Engineer Battalion, and the attachment of the 50th Combat Engineer Battalion.1 Nearly a year before the battle took place, June 3rd, 1942, the Japanese seized Attu with only natives living there. The Japanese reestablished a base on Attu on October 29, 1942 under the leadership of Lieutenant Colonel Hiroshi Yanekawa.1 The Japanese set up strong defensive positions with antiaircraft and numerous caches of arms, ammunition and food spread across different locations on the island. U.S. forces did not have such advantage and had a difficult time with logistics due to the unforgiving elements. The islands beaches consisted of muskeg which created very difficult circumstances for U.S. vehicles that the engineers were crucial in resolving. Although the harsh climate and terrain caused many problems for both sides, it was more impactful against the Japanese due to the long period of acclimation they endured.2 The Japanese mission was to occupy Attu and build an airstrip to stage air reconnaissance missions that would patrol the northern perimeter of Japans territorial expansion and construct a base of operations.1 The U.S. Army’s mission was to conduct an amphibious assault of Attu and seize the island in order to launch raids against Japans northern perimeter.1 The Japanese had observed the American naval convoy coming and were prepared for an

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