Analysis Of The Article ' Testimonial Injustice ' And ' How Do You Know It? '

941 Words Dec 2nd, 2015 4 Pages
In Miranda Fricker’s article Testimonial Injustice, she highlights the significant effects for the connection of ethics and epistemology. Ethics is one of the philosophies’ branches that asks the question, “What is a good life or how to live a good life?” Epistemology is the theory of philosophy that ask the questions, “What do you know?” and “How do you know it?” Fricker basically, combines the two subjects at the matter and produced the concept of epistemic injustice. According to Fricker, epistemic injustices comes in the form of testimonial injustice.
Testimonial injustice involves preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience; that cause any individual to put a label another individual’s words as a credibility deficit or a credibility excess. Fricker highlights, anyone can be a victim of epistemic injustices. In this paper, I will support Fricker’s argument that identity preconception and prejudgments create credibility deficits consequently hindering right practice of epistemic that everyone should have.
According to Fricker, epistemic injustice can occur when the regular everyday individual 's filled his or her minds with prejudicial stereotypes and social power. A disadvantage of epistemic injustice is that with these prejudicial stereotypes and social images, their brains are programmed to trigger naturally a message to judge someone’s accuracy on their knowledge. Fricker states, “social power is a capacity we have as social agents to…

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