Analysis Of The Book ' Night ' By Elie Wiesel

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Night is the detailed account of Elie Wiesel’s experiences as a Jew in Germany during the Holocaust. Night is considered a memoir, however, Wiesel uses fictional characters to tell his story. Eliezer acts as Wiesel’s author surrogate, a fictional character based on the author, and narrates the story. Over the course of the text Wiesel exposes the full face of the dehumanization perpetrated against the Jewish people. Through persuasive oration, Hitler was able to manipulate the Germans and justify the Aryan supremacist ideology of the Nazi Party. Hitler’s powerful rhetoric “brainwashed” the Germans into believing the Jews were the source of Germany’s hard times. The Nazi party dehumanized the Jews by depriving them of basic liberties, stripping them of their identity, and subjecting them to violence and intimidation. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, to dehumanize is to treat one as though he or she is not a human being. In reference to Elie Wiesel’s memoir Night, dehumanization is the process by which the Nazi party perceptibly reduced the Jews to subhuman entities. Historically, dehumanization is done to justify and or advantage the heinous ideology of a party or individual. A historical example of dehumanization is the enslavement of the African people. African women were dehumanized through brutal sexual degrading and barbaric beatings done by slave-masters and plantation owners. African men were subjected to physical violence, such as public lynching and public
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