Analysis Of The Book ' Vs. 1-2 '

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Literary Context

Paragraph Analysis

Vs. 1-2 : The chapter introduces the solemnity of the giving of the law upon Mount Sinai, which was one of the most striking appearances of the divine glory. The reader is given the circumstances of the time and place and the proposal of God’s covenant with Israel. The people come to Sinai and God’s message is given to them. Moses is called up the mountain, into the presence of God, and was employed as the messenger of the covenant. This covenant was granted out of God’s free grace. It is meant to be a national covenant by which the Israelites were a people under the government of God. The covenant would become a shadow of the good things to come. Moses then directs them to prepare to hear the law,
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“In the third month” refers to the month of Sivan, around the end of May. At the foot of Sinai they would become a nation under the leadership of God.

Vs. 2: When they set out from Rephidim, they came to the wilderness of Sinai and camped in the wilderness; and there Israel camped in front of the mountain.
Rephidim is one of the places visited by the Israelites in the account of the exodus from Egypt. At Rephidim, they can find no water to drink, and angrily demand that Moses give them water. Moses calls on God for help and is told to strike a certain rock in Horeb which causes a stream to flow from it, providing ample water for the people.
Vs. 3: Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob and tell the sons of Israel: Moses would have known the area from his time herding sheep. He went up into the Shekinah glory of God to receive God’s message. The people were to realize the promises made to Jacob.
Vs. 4: ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings, and brought you to Myself.

On eagle 's wings refers to the being drawn up and out of the reach of their slave masters. Their being brought to God implies that this was a special place of His presence.
Vs. 5: ‘Now then, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples, for all the earth is Mine;

God is telling the
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