Analysis Of The Book ' Youth ' And ' Ghost ' By Adam Hochschild

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The historians who begin the 20th century with the First World War do so because of the great change in thinking brought about during and after the fighting: people became less friendly toward colonialism; people’s roles in their societies were often not the same after the war, most of all women, and where other methods failed to, a new kind of nationalism could perhaps help them to rebuild their identities as they rebuilt their countries. Various sources about the time can be used to examine it from different angles and draw different conclusions about it: Vera Brittain’s Testament of Youth, for example, is a primary source and a memoir, assembled from her own diaries and letters sent from around the turn of the century, and has the unique flavor of being a woman’s perspective during the war. King Leopold’s Ghost by Adam Hochschild is a secondary source and a collection of stories all looking at the same subject—colonialism in Africa, the Congo in particular—and it provides multiple views through different eyes. The chapter “On Humanity in Dark Times: Thoughts about Lessing” from Hannah Arendt’s book Men in Dark Times is also a secondary source, as the book is a collection of her own essays and thus likely has notes of personal reflection as Brittain’s memoir would while bringing in the facts and somewhat journalistic observation of King Leopold’s Ghost. Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises, while a work of fiction, is a novel that focuses on characters dealing with the
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