Analysis Of The Experiment ' Management And The Worker '

1485 WordsApr 16, 20156 Pages
Since the publication of the experiment report “management and the worker” in 1939(Gillespie, 1991) the Hawthorne studies have been playing an important role in management, psychology and sociology. Hawthorne studies were the foundation for the modern day management thinking. Hawthorne studies have been subject to many criticisms but it produced the fundamental changes in the development of management thoughts. The great contribution Hawthorne studies made to the development of modern management these experiments are identified as the most important piece of experimental industrial social science ever undertaken. For example, Buchanan and Huczynski (2004) indicated that “the Hawthorne research revolutionized social science thinking”. In this essay we are discussing management concepts used prior to Hawthorne studies, brief introduction of Hawthorne experiment and its findings, how Hawthorne studies reshape the modern management thinking in the sense of social science, criticisms on Hawthorne studies and conclusion. The theories well before Organisational behaviour concerned on increasing productivity and efficiency by introducing machinery and optimising time spent on tasks. Taylorisum continually appalled by workers inefficiencies, and the workers tendency to “take it easy “on the job. The Taylorisum was criticised by many arguing that the fundamentals of scientific management were to abuse workers rather than to benefit them (Mullins, 2005). Prior to Hawthorne studies

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