Analysis Of The Four Seasons

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‘The Four Seasons’ or ‘Le quattro stagioni’ was published in 1725 by composer Antonio Vivaldi, a musician, composer and ordained priest who lived from 1678- 1741. He was an 18th-century, Italian composer and violinist who lived in the Baroque era. Vivaldi impacted the style at which concertos were written. One of his most famous compositions is his concerto movement, ‘The Four Seasons.’ This essay will discover how Vivaldi created contrast, unity, balance and cohesion in the 3rd movement of his ‘Spring’ concerto, as well as how the Baroque characteristics have influenced this piece.

The Baroque era was from 1600 BC and was established in Rome, Italy. This era exhibited characteristics for instruments such as the lute, violin, viola,
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Each concerto contains 3 movements, every movement presenting diverse sides of that particular season. “ ‘The Four Seasons’ concertos were inspired by four paintings of the seasons by the artist Marco Ricci.” [1] (See image below) because of this, these 4 Concertos are classified as Programme music. This is music that is used to tell a story or paints a picture in the audience’s mind about what is happening in the composition. The title is usually a guide line about what the piece will be about. “Vivaldi’s ‘The Four Seasons’ stand out as some of the most descriptive music ever written and were revolutionary in their time.” [1]

‘La Primavera’ or “Spring,” specifically is composed in three movements, Allegro, Largo, and Allegro. This shows the contrasts and unity in the spring time, with the flowers blooming, birds coming out of hibernation and the snow melting. Contrasting to the thunderstorm and wet weather of spring portrayed in the first and second movement. The third movement consists of the lively and pulsating depiction as the tempo of the piece is sped back to Allegro and the birds and clear skies are again represented.
“To the merry sounds of a rustic bagpipe. Nymphs and shepherds dance in their beloved spot When Spring appears in its brilliance.”
To accompany Vivaldi’s compositions, a sonnet was used to describe each season. All his sonnets had a “certain number of beats in each line, a specific rhyme scheme, and it must be exactly
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