Analysis Of The House Holder By Ruth Prawer Jhabvala

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The portrayal of socio-economic structure of Indian society of 1950’s and early 1960’s gets amply reflected in the early novels of Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Most of the protagonists of her novels hail from upper and middle classes and their interaction with the lower strata of society reveals the gap between the rich and the poor, While her satire is directed against the materialistic attitudes of the middle class in most of her novels. Jhabvala can not be blamed for totally ignoring the lower class. In her fourth novel, The House Holder (1960), she has projected lower strata of society on an even bigger canvas. With this novel she returns to the intra – Indian context.
The main protagonist Prem, a Hindi teacher with a second class B.A., in Mr. Khanna’s private college in Delhi and the other representative of his class Sohanial confront against several social and familial realities which are the consequence of Indian planning. The break –up of the joint family and the mashrooming of nuclear family have created some problems in Indian society and then there is need for new adaptations and adjustments. This phenomenon as a feature of the new India comes in Ruth Prawer Jhabvala’s fiction for
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The gap between two life –style, the Khanna’s and their staff present an effective contrast. The novelist depicts a contrast of Prem’s ugly little flat and principal’s magnificent and comfortable residence. Khanna’s sumptuous English breakfast eaten on a luxurious dining table and sohanlal’s cycling 15 miles with an empty stomach every morning, these are the contrasting situations by which R. P. Jhabvala depicts the problems of the haves and have not. She presents an ambivalent situation in her novels because she wants to bring balance between these

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