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Analysis Of The Novel 'Candide' By Voltaire

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In the eighteenth century, a French writer named François-Marie Arouet, with the pseudonym “Voltaire” wrote a novel called Candide. Voltaire was one of the leading writers of the Enlightenment. He was born in Paris in 1694 and died in late May of 1778. Of all his works, Voltaire is best known for Candide, a story of a young man called Candide who is a disciple of a philosopher named Dr. Pangloss, who was himself a disciple of Leibniz. The story follows the adventures and travels of Candide and his companions throughout Europe. Candide is an example of eighteenth century writing style: with a lot of vicissitudes and crazy incidents. Moreover, in Candide, Voltaire gives a refutation of Leibniz’s theory that this is the best of all possible worlds.
All throughout Candide, crazy and unfathomable incidents occur. Towards the beginning of the book for example, Pangloss, who follows Leibniz’s theory, is
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Greed is another example. When Candide himself, acquires a large amount of wealth, he is exposed to the greed of the world as he is cheated many times out of his riches. Voltaire creates scenarios within Candide in which people will go to any measure to attain wealth, even if it means hurting others and Candide thus comes to the conclusion that this is another imperfection in this world that cannot be explained through Pangloss’s philosophy. Personal hardships are also a huge part of Voltaire’s argument. He introduces many characters whose lives have been nothing but hardships in order to contradict Leibniz and Pangloss. One day, for example, as Candide and his valet Cacambo are approaching the town of Surinam, they come across a negro laying on the ground wearing nothing but his drawers and missing both his left leg and his right hand. Upon conversing with this poor fellow, Candide and Cacambo learn about his terrible
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