Analysis Of The Novel ' Miss Julie '

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Miss Julie is a naturalistic tragedy, in which Strindberg examines the rigid class structures of 19th century Sweden. His manipulation of the setting and staging to establish the social strata within his play allows both the criticism and reinforcement of the play’s social hierarchy, as well as that of Sweden. This manipulation is further utilised to exhibit the role of the characters, predominantly Miss Julie and Jean, the disparate protagonists, within these strata. Strindberg establishes a single setting, which acts as a platform for sexual and social conflicts. His use of spatial determinism suggests that class divisions are permanent social constructs, which can only be temporarily subverted. The incorporation of epitomic components within the single setting – the kitchen and the garden – highlights the profound disparity between the aristocracy and the proletariat. The psychological and physical distance at which the lower class is alienated from the upper class is also portrayed through contrasting settings. Thus, Strindberg’s ingenious adaption of mise-en-scène in conjunction with the application of a multitude of literary techniques essentially allows the comprehensive exploration of the rigidity of class structures. Strindberg’s utilisation of spatial determinism essentially conveys the inflexible nature of 19th century class structures and emphasises Miss Julie’s powerlessness to subvert her social stereotype permanently. Julie’s physical inability to escape the

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