Analysis Of ' The Sermon On The Mount ' And The Allegory Of The Cave '

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Human Knowledge

During the first few weeks of class we’ve gone through various texts in order to better our understanding of human knowledge. We have talked about Christianity St. Matthew “The Sermon on the Mount”, Plato and “The Allegory of the Cave”, “The Four Idols” of Sir Francis Bacon, Robert Frost’s “Mending Wall”, and even Carl Jung and “The Structure of the Psyche”. All these texts may have been written in different eras and different places, but they have one thing in common, and that is their understandings of human nature and knowledge, and how they demonstrate to us epistemology (how we know) and metaphysics (what human beings know). To begin with, we have Christianity of St. Matthew “The Sermon on the Mount”.
After that, we have Plato and the Allegory of the Cave. In this text Plato distinguishes between people who mistake sensory knowledge for the truth and people who really do see the truth. The story begins in the cave where there are three prisoners, those three prisoners have never seen life outside the cave and have stayed in the cave since their birth day. Outside the cave people carry animals, plants, and etc. The only thing the people inside the cave see are the shadows, not the real object itself. Plato along with the prisoners guess the objects they will see next. Then, one of prisoners escapes from their bindings and leaves the cave. When he is out he is very surprised to what is outside the cave and then realizes that his former view of reality

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