In perusing the various roles women fill in our modern society, it is clear the popularity and relevance of the patriarchy is dwindling. However, in Homer’s Iliad, men reigned omnipotent; women were treated as objects, won as prizes in war, and are routley discounted as ineffectual human beings. Whatever the reason for man’s dismissal of women as inferiors, the responses of women to their societal immobility sheds their real traits and abilities in a new light. The Iliad focuses on events during and at the end of the Trojan War, a conflict that not only pits the two male armies against each other, but also main female characters Aphrodite, Briseis, and Helen against the pervasiveness and power of patriarchy. Through a feminist examination of
Many people have heard of Achilles, whether in Greek Mythology or when referring to the tendon in their foot. He is well known in the Iliad as the main force for the Achaeans in the Trojan War, dubbed the “swiftest warrior,” “Achilles dear to Zeus”, and “brilliant runner.” However many do not know the story of Achilles when he walks away from the Achaean campaign over a scuffle of war prizes. His action cripples the Achaean army, costing the lives of many. The story of the Trojan War is one where Achilles ultimately leads the Achaeans to Troy and kills Hector outside Priam’s walls. However, it was Patroclus, Achilles’ brother-in-arms, who should be accredited with the Achaean victories and know for his success against the Trojans in the
In Homer’s book the “Iliad” lays an epic conflict between a man and his inner self that ultimately leads to great loss on a wider scale and not just to himself. Achilles is a man with a superpower but has a severe problem when his ego is insulted. Achilles is driven by rage and anger and will do everything in his power to seek vengeance on anyone whom gets in the way of his pride whether it is friend or foe. One might argue whether Achilles is an epic hero but this answer lies within the reader. Achilles is one man who has the greatest fighting abilities as well as the greatest military prowess of any of the Achaean ranks. The only downfall for Achilles is that his inner force is driven by rage and
In ancient Greece, it was crucial that men proved their masculinity in order to uphold their worth and earn them a place in social establishments. An important aspect of human life is a man’s masculine identity and how it plays a role in society. However with this idea of masculinity came limitations that were not to be crossed. Ancient Greek epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, both function to provide their own view on masculinity in society through the reverse sex similes. In the Iliad the crucial role of Achilles as a warrior and his association with maternal protection, as represented through it’s reverse sex maternal similes, ultimately proves problematic. This intrinsic part of man to fight on the battlefield to win timê and kleos is ultimately
The Iliad, by Homer, is an epic poem set in the era of the Trojan War, accounting the battle logs during the time of conflict between Agamemnon and Achilles, the text’s tragic protagonist. The heroic outlook on life, in Iliadic terms, is exemplified through the construction of one’s honor through hard work. Being an aspect of the heroic outlook of life, this value is demonstrated through his contribution and dedication to the Trojan War, his experience with neglect from the deities, Achilles’ overall disdain towards Agamemnon, and, lastly, his longingness towards Briseis, his dear lover.
Achilles has gone through many trials in the 4 books we read of The Iliad. In the first book Achilles is emotionally upset because Agamemnon has decided to take away his prize, Briseis. He even gets to the point where he doesn't want to be around anyone, "in tears, withdrew from his friends and sat down far away" (1.239.362-363). After Achilles kills Hector he begins to mourn over his companion Patroclus. Hector is the one who took the life of Patroclus, therefore, "Achilles defiled Hector in his rage" (24.313. 25). Through this rage he would drag Hector's body, however, Hector's body stayed in shape because the gods protected him. Achilles shows just how much he has grown by giving Hector's body back to his father. Priam , Hector's father,
Tony E. Adams defines queer as, “actions that rebel against—heterosexual—heteronormative—expectations of intimate relationships including biases against being single, aspirations for marriage, norms about
The two men sprinted at each other, blocking out the rest of the battle, and they stared into each others soul. They fought with such hatred and detestation, as the same ends of a magnet react when you try putting them together. No matter what, they will always repel each other. This is an example of a simile. The simile shows the two men fight like same sides of a magnet because they both have an intense hate for each other, just like how the same sides of a magnet will never come together and always repel each other. This simile allows the reader to feel the intense hate that the two men share for each other and is much more meaningful than just saying the two men hate each other. This shows that without figurative language, like
In valuing the importance of the historical past, critics often tend to separate the past from the present, when in fact the present relies so much on history. Contemporary critics tend to frame the past as a unique site of need, as if it were not motivated by the present. When looking at historical works, critics disregard the pain of the gay culture and focus on the means of securing a more positive identity of the present. At the same time, “such acts of resolve allow us to ignore the resistance of queer historical figures to our advances toward them” (34). For example, in one of Sappho’s lyrics, she promises her readers that “someone will remember us” but follows that line with “I say,” attesting to the poem’s longing and uncertainty regarding
I was privy to many discussions and arguments that took place behind the backs of the soldiers’ leadership as to why they should do what they were being commanded to do by them. All too often soldiers begin to become complacent when they feel over taxed by their leadership or taken advantage of and become pathos driven when they cannot see the fruits of their labor coming to fruition during war or even peacekeeping missions; especially long deployments such as Iraq, Afghanistan or Kosovo. Achilles speech in “The Envoys Plead with Achilles” is pathos driven because it exemplifies aspects of emotionally driven complacency experienced in war due to selfish deceitful leadership, length of deployments, and a feeling
After the siege of Troy, the ruins and smolder of the devastation leave a limited number of survivors homeless. One such Troyian is a young teenager named Qadir Khan. Qadir lost his entire family in the siege. Qadir prayed to the gods for forgiveness and an ability for him to avenge his fallen comrades, family and home. After a year the shambles still lay and small tents reside around the ruins. After constant deaths from marauders, disease and the heat Qadir was one of two left him and another young teen named Alkaram. Alkaram had an idea to set sail for Northern Cyprus in a chance for a new life, so one night he robbed all of Qadirs clothes, food, tools and belongings and set sail with a small rebuilt cargo boat to Northern Cyprus.
Homer’s Iliad is undoubtedly focused on its male characters: Achilles, primarily, but also Hector and Agamemnon. Nevertheless, it seems that the most crucial characters in the epic are female. Homer uses the characters of Thetis, Andromache, and Helen as a basis for comparison to the male characters. Homer wants his audience to see and understand the folly of his male characters in choosing war over peace, aggression over kindness, and honor over family. While the behavior of these characters clearly speaks for itself, the contrasting attitudes and behaviors of the female characters proffer an alternative; in comparison, the reader can hardly fail to concur with Homer’s message that war, aggression,
In the battle between Hector and Achilles, there was more on the line than winning the war. Until the end of the poem, it can be argued that both Achilles and Hector fit the role of an epic hero, but there can only be one. The battle represented who would ultimately be determined the epic hero. In Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad, Achilles is crafted into an epic hero throughout the poem by the illustration of the qualities of an epic hero: a great warrior, help from the supernatural, an epic flaw, and an epic journey.
Gods and animals exist on a different plane from mere mortals, as supported by Shay, “Whether the berserker is beneath humanity as an animal, above it as a god, or both, he his cut off from all human community,” (Shay, 6). While death can be a very physical thing, it can also be symbolic of the loss of humanity. In the last chapters of the poem, Achilles’ rage becomes all-consuming and takes him over. Rage dictates all of his actions, and whether it is his god-like or animal-like characteristics being attributed to his rage, Homer and the soldiers no longer speak about him as a mortal. Achilles may go on breathing after the death of Patroclus, but he is not truly alive again until he can quell his rage, because his rage comes at the price of his humanity.