Analysis Of Thomas Hobbes 's ' Hobbes '

977 Words Dec 7th, 2015 4 Pages
Leviathan
Thomas Hobbes

1. Art imitates nature of which man is the best work, and State is an “artificial man.” Sovereignty acts as the soul - it provides life to the body or the State. Those who execute the law act as the joints of the body. The rewards and punishments which move members to do their duty to society are the nerves. Counsellors act as the memory while the laws of the state represent the body’s reason and will. Sedition acts as an illness while civil war represents death. Each function of the state represents a part or function of the human body.

2. Original power differs from instrumental power in that original power is one’s talent in something of the mind or body - strength, arts, intelligence, while instrumental power is to have the means to acquire more power - through wealth, friends, reputation, etc. In Hobbes’ depiction of both original power and instrumental power, it seems that original power is the most effective form of power.

3. According to Hobbes, men are equal in ability, and, therefore, are “equal of hope in the attaining of their ends.” In other words, if two men want the same thing, but it is only possible for one to have, it makes them enemies, and war is an inevitable outcome. Because even the weakest man has the means to kill the strongest, war is inescapable. Without any interference, the nature of mankind would lead to a state of war and violence. The state is necessary to end this - where there is no common law, nothing can be…
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