Analysis Of Thomas Hobbes 's ' Leviathan '

1087 WordsJun 2, 20165 Pages
Thomas Hobbes (1588 - 1679) is one of the most important philosophers of the modern age. He was associated with the most advanced thinkers of his time, Galileo, Gassendi, and Descartes. He was the first thinker of modernity that, from a psychological and anthropological analysis, attempts to establish the need for the civil state (Collins 2013). This is the subject of his most famous political work Leviathan, which is a compendium of all his philosophical thoughts (Collins 2013). Hobbes makes observations on human behavior and makes one understand that mankind is essentially a selfish animal and the basic formula of selfishness is survival. Hobbes viewed people to be pessimistic, selfish, egotistic humans; he believed humans were selfish creatures who would do anything to better their position for their own self interest. He also thought that people could not be trusted to make decisions on their own, and a country needed an authority figure to provide direction and leadership (Collins 2013). In Leviathan, Chapter XIII is where the essence of the Hobbes view on human nature is contained, which he prefers to call natural condition. Humans, he says, are naturally equal and this natural equality leads them to compete to satisfy their desire for possession, a fact that results in a permanent state of war of all against all (Collins 2013).Hobbes states that a state of war will ensue that it is every man against himself. Eventually the state of war will lead the people towards
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