Analysis Of Thomas Hobbes 's ' Leviathan '

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There is a ceaseless struggle for control that is derived from human self-interest. Such desire becomes desperate ambition that drives the individual to heinous actions. Violence ensues and as the carnage occurs, only one thing can truly satisfy the hunger for dominance: a covenant made to unify varying interests under a common power. In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury writes profoundly on the arrangement of legitimate government and the structure of society by calling to attention the constant vying for “power after power that ceaseth only in death” (Hobbes, 56). Through his depiction of human interactions, Hobbes claims that there is a perpetual longing for ease and protection, knowledge, and fame (Hobbes, 56-57). When desires are conflicting, Hobbes claims that there is fierce competition that results in irreconcilable relationships. As a consequence of their extreme animosity, the individuals engage in total warfare, and they share only the interest of “destroying or subduing one another” until their demands are satisfied (Hobbes, 58). The horrendous conflict can only be resolved by what Hobbes refers to as a “mutual covenant” in which individuals comply and “confer all their power and strength upon one man” (Hobbes, 62-63). The concept of creating a covenant that is willing to yield to a single sovereignty is further examined by the scholar Mark Peacock in his article “Obligation and Advantage in Hobbes’ Leviathan.” Peacock calls into question whether or not an
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