Voltaire and Kant Fact and Certainty
Heritage of Western Thought and Civilization-Modern
October 8, 2017 Voltaire and Kant Fact and Certainty
Why did the Enlightenment begin to shift Western society from faith and uncertainty towards fact and certainty? Be sure to use examples from Voltaire and Kant to explain why they felt a need to do so.
The Enlightenment began to shift Western society from faith and uncertainty towards fact and certainty because people like Voltaire and Kant believed they could challenge the old practices and wanted to write new ideas about making progress to improve the human society. The Enlightenment time period was from the 1600s to the 1800s and it all about changes in the history that created books, essays, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, wars and revolutions that helped humanity improve by many changes (History.com, n.d.). The Enlightenment period also shifted towards facts and certainty when the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776. Some of the ideas of the Enlightenment period were that all people equal and had the right to vote. Another belief was that a rights to have a government comes from the approval of the people that live there, the Declaration of Independence combined the ideas of the Enlightenment period government’s main purpose was to protect the rights of the people (Smith, 2011). Immanuel Kant was a philosopher born in Germany on April 22, 1724. Immanuel Kant believed that human concepts structure our view of the world and its laws which is the source of the differences in humans. Immanuel Kant believed that humans believe in God even though, humans did not know that God is present with us (Totally History, 2012).
Immanuel Kant wrote the Critique of Pure Reason in 1781. In this book Immanuel Kant explained about how reason and experiences work with thought and understanding. This book explained how people think and accept information about their experiences into understanding the way the world works. Immanuel Kant also talked about the morals and ethics of people and their actions. Immanuel Kant proposed a moral law called the “categorical imperative,” stating that good behavior is derived from