Analysis Of When Jesus Came The Corn Mothers Went Away

1265 WordsDec 10, 20176 Pages
Ramon Gutierrez’s When Jesus Came, The Corn Mothers Went Away is an exploration of the merging of Spanish, Franciscan and Pueblo Indian cultures throughout Spain's “frontier” in its colonial American empire before Anglo contact. Gutierrez builds a foundation for his analysis by discussing Pueblo Indian life prior to outside contact, Franciscan theology, and the class structure of Spanish communities in each of its respective book sections. He examines meanings of the cultural interactions of gift exchange, ownership, trade, sexual rights, labor, kinship, social status, religious beliefs, and honor among many others using marriage as a window. His interpretation of the complex cultural meanings of marriage illustrates the ways in which the…show more content…
The crown depicted the Indians as intractable, only to find that settlers resorted to violence against the Indians precisely because of their supposed intractability. Indigenous peoples, for their part, fought among themselves and against advancing settlers. All groups sought to “territorialize” their societies to secure themselves against competitors. In the final chapters, Langfur extends and qualifies this complicated story. In the later eighteenth century, settler pressures grew, stressing crown policies and threatening indigenous social orders, until all-out war broke out after 1808. For Langfur this was no Manichean battle between European invaders and indigenous victims. To a dominant narrative of violence he juxtaposes a “parallel history of cooperation” among Europeans, Africans, and Indians, and he concludes that war itself must be understood in terms of “the relationship of cooperative enemies.” The Forbidden Lands challenges the common notions of “the frontier” in the lives of Indians, settlers, empires, and nations alike. Langfur offers a nuanced picture of the frontier in Minas Gerais, the hub of Brazil's eighteenth-century gold and diamond boom and addresses a myth of Brazilian historiography regarding the centrality of the bandeiras, bands of settlers, colonizers, slaves, mixed-race people, and even Indians, that “opened” up the interior and made Brazil into a continent-spanning country. The “teleological conventions” of frontier histories tend to be

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