Analysis: Sugar Can T Take The Whole Blame

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Sugar Can’t Take the Whole Blame
A balanced healthy diet contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients required to maintain energy, strength and a healthy immune system. It has rich nutritional values that lead to a healthy lifestyle without any developmental problems and risks of obesity. Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or over an individual’s ideal body weight (TheFreeDictionary.com, 2016). This increases the risk of diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Obesity is proven to cause 35 million deaths each year globally. According to Sharon Labi (Bodyandsoul.com.au, 2016), an average Australian consumes 41.79kg of sugar a year. As such, it holds blame as the primary reason for obesity.
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A human body requires two types of nutrients- macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are supplements such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats that are needed in large quantities, whereas micronutrients are supplements such as vitamins and minerals that are necessary in smaller quantities. Large amounts of macronutrients require high metabolic rate to balance the input and output energy. Therefore, an inadequate amount of daily physical exercise will contribute to an increase in energy which is converted to glycogen in our body. Nicotinic Acid, Magnesium, Calcium, Vitamin B, D and E are micronutrients found in our diet that has been confirmed to reduce the risk of obesity because they are coenzymes in metabolism (Shenkin, 2006). Many vitamins play a part in complex metabolic reactions (Pediaa.Com, 2016). Micronutrients are not directly linked to obesity, but inadequate consumption of micronutrients in our diet means too many macronutrients are present. (Bodbeats.com, 2013). This energy imbalance may result in increased levels of fat stored in the body which contribute to an increased risk of…show more content…
These factors increase the food cravings and it is directly linked to the amount of leptin hormone released in the body. Leptin is a product of obese gene and it regulates fat storage. As the amount of Leptin increases, the amount of fat stored will increase. It is a process of sending signals to the hypothalamus regarding the amount of energy stored in adipose tissue, which is a series of loose connective tissues that stores energy in the form of fat (Gale, Castracane and Mantzoros,
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