Analysis of Dostoevsky and Nietzsche's Literature Essay

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Analysis of Dostoevsky and Nietzsche's Literature

Friedrich Nietzsche once said, “Dostoevsky, the only one who has taught me anything about psychology.” The two writers share many similarities and differences. Dostoevsky clearly had an effect on the thinking of Nietzsche. The two would be considered both philosophers and psychologists. Both writers became prominent in the late 19th century in Germany and Russia respectively. Dostoevsky was noted for his Russian literary classics and would be responsible for a flowering of late 19th century Russian literary culture. His Russian contemporaries include Leo Tostoy and Anton Chekov. Dostoevsky’s most famous works include The Brothers Karamozov, The Idiot, and Crime and Punishment.
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Originally, just Alyona is to be murdered and the she would be robbed. The reasons for this will be explained later in the following sections of the novel and this essay.

Rodya has now committed the terrible deed of murder. He now begins to try to reason out the murder through philosophy. This philosophy he uses would be considered very Nietzschian by any standards. While sorting out the ins and outs of why he has done this, he falls into a catatonic sickness. For days the only person to visit him is his fellow student Razumihin. Rodya, in and out of consciousness, mutters things about the murder. No one, however, can understand what he is saying. Eventually, Rodya comes to and is forced to go to the police chief, Porfiry. Porfiry would prove to be a worthy adversary for Rodya and would be instrumental in Rodya’s later admission of guilt. He would begin to suspect Rodya almost immediately through his own pure instinct. At this point in the story there is no evidence that points to Raskolnikov as being the assailant.

The novel begins to slow down in pace at this time. New characters are introduced and subplots begin to develop. These subplots include Rodya’s sister, Dounia and her attempt at marriage with a rich senator named Luzhin. Dounia had worked for a friend of Luzhin, Marfa Petrovna. Marfa was a rich woman who owned an estate. Dounia was a domestic servant on the estate. Living there also was Svidrigailov, Marfa’s husband. They were