Before beginning an analysis of a company it is necessary to have a complete set of financial statements, preferably for the pas few years so that historical trends can be obtained. Ratios are a way for anyone to get an idea of the financial performance of a company by using the information contained in the financial statements. Ratios are grouped into four basic categories, liquidity, activity, profitability, and financial leverage. This document will use a variety of these ratios to analyze the firm, Sample Company, as of December 31,2000.
The profitability ratio shows the ability for a company to generate profits. Ratios that are used calculating profitability of a company are return on assets and return on equity. The return on assets calculates the ability of a company to effectively use assets to generate income, the percentages per quarter in year one are; 76%, 22%, 34%, 37%. This shows profit during each quarter. In years two, three, and four the percentages are; 68%, 54%, 49%, 38%. These ratios show a slight decline but still a solid profit. The return on equity shows the amount of money earned per dollar investing into the company by shareholders. By quarter, year one return on equity is .81 .61 .28 .29, years two, three and four are all .32. These numbers show an above average return, the average return in the United States is between .10-.15, and over .20 is considered above average (Kennon, 2011.)
Liquidity ratios are the measure of a company’s ability to meet its short term liabilities by converting its assets into cash without losing value. The results of the liquidity ratios depend on the outcome of Current ratio and quick ratio. In the appendix-I, in 2011 Target had better Current ratio
The short term liquidity position for the company peaked in FY09, which was still disturbing as it stood below 1X the ability to meet its short term liabilities. The dip for FY10 is again due to a decline in its cash and cash equivalents, or quick assets, which were utilized to pay taxes. The cash ratio and quick ratio follow a similar pattern and are at levels which put the company at risk, as well as major stakeholders.
In order a company to have a solid financial health, the quick ratio must be 1 time, which is a sign that the liquidity level of a company is high. In J.B Hunt, the quick ratio increased from the last year, which shows that liquidity level of the company is high. It has the ability to pay off short-term obligations without the base on the sale of its
The company’s current assets are just over two times its current liabilities, giving it a current ratio of 2.08. This is a sign of financial strength. The Quick ratio (current assets-inventory then divided by current liabilities) is 0.96. This measures the company’s ability to come up with cash in a matter of hours to days. It has working capital (current assets-current liabilities) of $7,508,998. With a working capital per dollar of sales of 15%. This is adequate given the high inventory turn.
Liquidity ratio. The firm’s liquidity shows a downward trend through time. The current ratio is decreasing because the growth in current liabilities outpaces the growth of current assets. The quick ratio is also declining but not as fast as the current ratio. From 1991 to 1992, it only decreased 0.35 units while the current ratio decreased 0.93 units. Looking at the common size balance sheet, we also see that the percentage of inventory is growing from 33% to 48% indicating Mark X could not convert its inventory to cash.
The quick ratio reflects on a company’s ability to meet its current liabilities without liquidating inventories that could require markdowns. It is a more stringent test of liquidity than the current ratio and may provide more insight into company liquidity in some cases. For Colgate-Palmolive, the quick ratio has declined from 0.73 in 2008 to 0.58 in 2010. While this does not necessarily mean a problem, a higher current ratio and quick ratio analysis will mean that the company will not have difficulty in meeting its short-term obligations from its operations and not by liquidating its assets.
The following report is a brief comparative analysis of two of Australia’s largest deposit-taking financial institutions (FI), Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. (ANZ) and Westpac Banking Corporation (Westpac). This report seeks to identify which of the FIs has a greater aggregate return per dollar of equity and thus establish the highest performer, or most profitable, of the two. The Return on Equity Model (ROE) (Koch & MacDonald,
The quick ratio of 1.46 is a further analysis into the actual monetary values that are highly liquid and excluding fixed assets as part of the assets. The CFO/Avg. current liabilities also show a healthy 73%, 28% in 2004, on average of which is still higher than the industry.
In regards to current ratio we can see that CVS improved from 2009 to 2010, but in 2011 it fell once again. The higher the current ratio the more favorable it reflects on the company; in 2010 for every dollar of current liabilities the company had $1.60 of current assets to pay back its short term liabilities. Current cash debt coverage ratio demonstrates a better understanding of the company’s average day standing. Liquidity improved for CVS from 2009 to 2011.
Profitability ratios are designed to assess the overall ability of a company to generate earnings as compared to the company’s costs. These ratios are widely used to
The Quick Ratio also known as Acid Ratio is used by firms to determine liquidity position. It explains if the firm is able to pay all of their current debt liabilities. (Dyson, 2010) The graph above illustrates that over the period from 2007 to 2011 quick ratio was not more that 1, which means that their debts might not be covered all. The graph also indicates that a peak was in 2011.
The financial statements included tend to combine cash and marketable securities into a category labeled “cash and cash equivalents”. If the cash ratio is recalculated using this value instead of simply cash than the ratio improves to 1.10, which shows much stronger liquidity capabilities.
This is a strategic analysis of GlaxoSmithKline that examines the key factors that influence the company and its activities. The strategic analysis will examine key factors in the company’s internal and external environment and their influence on the company’s strategies. GlaxoSmithKline is a global healthcare company that offers pharmaceutical, vaccines and consumer products. The company is a product of various mergers, the latest occurring in 2001 between GlaxoWellcome and SmithKline Beecham. The company started in London United Kingdom in 1715 as Plough Court pharmacy and has evolved to become one of the leading global healthcare companies. The healthcare company operates in more than 150 countries with 89 manufacturing locations and research centers in the USA, China, UK and Belgium. In 2015, the company’s sales grew to £23.9 billion from £23.0 billion in 2014 (GlaxoSmithKline plc. 2015).