Analysis of Marx, Weber, and Durkheim's Views Essay

1223 WordsDec 4, 20105 Pages
The sociological views of the three founding fathers; Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim all assert that various aspects of our lifestyle are fully a product of the society in which we live. Each theorist views the impact of society and its manifestation of our identity in a different way. All three of these men used the Industrial Revolution and capitalism to shape their theories of social identity, especially the identity created by capitalism's division of labor; the owners of the means of production; the bourgeoisie and the oppressed proletariat. The Industrial Revolution was a major turning point in the recent history of the world. This shaped the "theological" point of view and underpinned this social and economic paradigm…show more content…
This could only be accomplished through the Marxist agenda for change and the realization of the proletariat that they were being exploited, the underclass must unite for the common purpose and rise up and demand change. Only once this was accomplished can the underclass begin to change their way of life to an increase in the quality of life. The inequities between the laboring and capitalist classes in society spawned the concept of socialism where in turn the benevolent members of society would help reflect their knowledge onto the proletariat and thus the equilibrium would occur. This soon inspired the Communist ideology where a classless society existed and everyone was working for the common good. Marx thought of Communism as a new form of social organization that majored in cooperation among society. The second father of the big debate would be Max Weber. Weber took a middle standpoint on the Capitalistic spectrum. Weber was influenced by a religious ideology; one of a protestant work ethic viewpoint; work hard in this life and be rewarded in Heaven. Weber greatly believed that by impressing God, an individual will succeed in life. Although Weber was strongly influenced by the works of Karl Marx he was more interested in the existential reasoning as to why technology came to be, his conclusion was that work got complicated and that individuals needed a way to be
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