Analysis of Terrorism Cases

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ANALYSIS OF TERRORISM CASES Introduction Terrorism manifests itself in many forms. Ideological terrorism, national terrorism and religious terrorism are some forms of terrorism that became common after the Second World War. Several theories and hypotheses have been put forward to explain the causes of terrorism. Among these the negative identity hypothesis explains how frustration with social norms and roles combined with restricted channels of expression can lead people to group together to engage in terrorist activities to assert themselves. This essay discusses the Baader-Meinhof activities, the LTTE terrorist activities and the state-sponsored terrorist activities of Iran in the light of the negative identity hypothesis. Identification and Description of Facts The Baader-Meinhof group was a radical German middle-class uprising against the establishment of post World War II Germany. The terrorist activities of this particular group lasted until the mid-1970s after which the movement morphed into the Red Army Faction that remained active until 1998. The Baader-Meinhof group was formed by Andreas Baader and Gundrun Esslin. Other active members of the group included Horst Mahler and Ulrike Meinhof who was a well-known journalist in Germany. The group engaged in "armed struggle" to protest against "imperialist" and "fascists" Nazi remnants and ideologues such as the in the German power structure (Roberts & Hogwood 2003, p. 1971). The leader Baader was jailed in 1969 but
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